Lawaia Mahiai a me Kalepa Hookahi No Ia Kino / Fishing Farming and Peddling Are One Body

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Lawaia Mahiai a me Kalepa Hookahi No Ia Kino / Fishing Farming and Peddling Are One Body

Fishing Farming and Peddling Are One Body

(Written by J. K. Mokumaia)


So we appropriately return to the nature of Keoni Kaimi. I have known him the longest of the fisherman because from the year 1887 of our Lord I knew him up until this year 1925, his stamina is like that of the youth, sometimes octopus fishing, sometimes deep sea fishing, fishing for ʻūʻū and kūmū, as well as kaʻiuhu when there was bait. 

Therefore when important things of his life were taken, he survived in happiness. 

Lobster fishing. I am building up this expert about this kind of fishing because here in my thoughts is this gentleman,with his smile and kindness, that being the honored one of Kailua, Koʻolau, Oʻahu, Mr. K. Kawelo.  This is probably the best of those I know at this type of fishing and here is how to do it. 

There is always fishing every day and you gather good lobsters to sell, the small lobsters are released.  On Friday evening they are brought upon horses and mules.  There were many problems with the pathway in those days, the roads were poor however to keep up that kind of fishing the difficulty was no problem, and a call would still ring out at three in the morning. 

"Are you all still sleeping?" When I awoke and saw him, he was always filled with joy, for this writer is a worker under the honorable Mr. S. K. Hamaia so it was my responsibility to be alert to the fisherman who came from far away. 

When meeting with him and warmly shaking hands, the only thing he would say is “Here are 6 kaʻau [240] bundles.”

The nature of these 600 fine large lobsters and a bag of lobster, were to give to his family residing in town and friends. If that family and his friends are still alive please tells us of the thing you know of his nature. 

Sometimes, he and his lady came to Kualaloa, in the rain and winds that rave in Nuʻuanu and nip at their cheeks. But these setbacks were nothing compared to their desire that their tiresome toils should make progress, along with their family. 

The author has shaken hands with his chiefly lady. One type of fish they would bring was the moi that resides in the sea foam, the nenue, the kala, and the baby ʻōʻio. The baby ʻōʻio cannot be mistaken, it has white scales and its body has a nice shine to it. It is nicely plumped and when you prepare it right it smells like līpoa, like a mistress on a cold night, because the spot you would catch these fish from was where the waves break at Oneawa, Kailua, Koʻolau, Oʻahu.  All fish that are caught at these places are fat and fragrant when eaten.  You can smell the kala, and also the nenue, when its broth is made it is scented and fragrant. 

So that is how the beautiful girls of that stretch are: fragrant when inhaled so that  you crouch down upon the sand dunes of Oneawa.  I remember those children at that beach where they would take delight.

I crouch down outside

And you are in the room

The 5 o’clock hour has struck

Oneawa is wide open to view

Please excuse the great digression outside of this sandy cape; those are not the only fish you will get.  If it becomes the time when the baby fish come in, all the types of baby fish, it is a beautiful sight when they are poured out of the pandanus baskets.  This is his favorite type of fishing when the two of them do it, then when the order is done, they return to fishing for baby ʻahuluhulu uhu, which is probably one of the most amazing types of fishing. 

By doing it and thinking about it, it becomes something that exemplifies the skill of those days that have been referred to as Waʻawaʻaiki naʻaupō, inept ignorance, and in this enlightened period many laws have been made outlawing some of these fish so that you cannot get them, kill them, eat them or try to make a profit. 

It was you O people of the Koʻolau area who chose them to win while these dignitaries and lawmakers are not raw fish eaters such as baby fish and other small fishes that have been named haphazardly whenever the fish are seen in great numbers.  When they grow larger there are babies, ʻahuluhulu uhu, that have been called pānuhunuhu.

Therefore O masses, this is what I know from when I was taught how to sell fish by my caretaker.  I learned that the baby ʻōhua has a different taste, and when it gets larger, it has a different taste.  So I am writing these thoughts so that the public can see the truth of these remarks about these three areas. 

So, these fish shown above are millions if they school. ʻŌhua is first, gathered for money and for food, and when they become pānuhunuhu, more money and food is gained. Then when they become red uhu or blue uhu, they become money and food as well. 

Therefore reader, were the people of those days troubled as much as we have described in these past articles?  There was no sign of these troubles and in this era of overwhelming enlightenment and quick work, in the blink of an eye your body is flexible to descend Maʻemaʻe and laws have been created that will end ʻōhua fishing because within these types of fishing you will be troubled by the law and the people who we have elected. Even though these are people who were not born on the beloved soil that our elders watched over for your betterment, O people of Kailua and all around this island. 

What about you, Maui, and how about you, Hawaiʻi? And Kauaʻi and Molokaʻi? This law stands to cease your eating of fish that have been passed down from the elders. This is literally unnoticed, it is said that we are Hawaiians who were born upon these islands but the tricky thing is not seeing the problem sitting right there upon the nose.

As we return to the nature of this fish known as ʻōhua, many different fish come up within this family.  Look to my friend who knew this type of fishing since I am not a fisherman but I am a peddler as I have said. From this fishing you would get baby manini, māʻiʻi fry, hīnālea fry, kūpoupou fry, pānuhunuhu fry, hīnālea luahine fry, and many more.  All sorts of fish fry because this family, they all come under the name "ʻōhua glistening in the calm."

So it cannot be avoided. If the net is set at Koʻokā and there is a great deal of seaweed, the baby fishes of Koʻokā will all be taken.  The big question in those days comes from the many ʻōhua, called by that name, and so all the fish were confused and when the manini grew large they came in many four hundreds.  The big question in those days was are you done eating the baby manini? Because the law calls for 5 inches from one end to the other end and it is the same for the baby pānuhunuhu which will also be banned.  Pity upon our Hawaiian race, it was Hawaiians that have troubled us as we look at Mr. Kawelos work that he’s done for the masses and for his food. 

So this is probably the man who the author will take and place somewhere that you, as a Hawaiian, should be proud of because as for myself, I have witnessed it.  If someone else has done it and he brings it forth, then please excuse my mistake in the reasons for supporting him, that all things be secured in his name. 

So, O reader, in returning to the rightful position of these remarks, I must move entirely to the remaining things, the things that will do well so that you may see the veracity of these thoughts.  However, I am going to show the things that the legislature has recently done with a few laws that trouble the fisherman but a few of my thoughts have come out, and they will come out again. While going about those seashores in those days, I return to my shore where I was seeded, until I could crawl, then walk and then became an adult. 

It was common at our seashore to care for the cleanliness of the rivers and beaches.  The things that were sought for money at this seashore in those days were crabs, the the ʻōpae hune, the puhi manini, the small baby ʻamaʻama that were dried with ʻoʻolu seaweed, ʻalamihi crabs, and ʻeleʻele seaweed of the streams.  These things O reader, they were all clean, you were not met with surprise in those days.  In these days it is scary, because there are two pipes spewing the winds of Laʻamaomao halfway across the harbor of Kalihi. 

So it all clings to the wall, but when you think about those people in those days it was a truly clean living and this is how to acquire good things. The crab fishermen that the author knows are Nakeu, Kalaeloa, Pauaka, Hoopii, and Mr. I.  If they were to work from Monday until Sunday morning, there are great amounts of rubbish crawling along, and here is how they have to work.

One canoe is boarded at two o’clock and by six o’clock there is enough.  They return to the fish trap they'll set up in the ocean and they arrange everything neatly.  A bag is placed over it and weighed down with stones, and they let it down to the right area then leave it there alone, then at four o’clock they go and bring it ashore and the ocean water pours out, when that’s done then they would walk to the market at five thirty and place it on the table then ask for money.  Then they returned, having gotten some shellfish for bait, drinking a little coffee and when done, it was already in the morning hours. 

They returned on foot in those days, they worked the whole week to get sometimes seven dollars or less. It went up on Sunday. I became a helper to sell and in those days and it was done with ti leaf, no paper. You just watched how it was done by the people who knew how to do it, and that was what you did until you got it. 

When I first began working, it took seven ti leaves for one bundle of crabs with it fighting and nipping.  I’m remembering one lady who bought herself some crabs, and I created a proper bundle for her believing that it was nice and tight.  The tragic thing was that she hadn’t gone ten feet when the crabs began to nip and move all around, then some spilled out from where it was trapped and it fell down then pinched her hand and as she groped to gather them there was a great cry for help, and I ran quickly, saying “Do not pull the crab from your hand or it will hurt terribly later, lower the crab to the ground.” As soon as she touched the ground it released its pincer because she had followed directions.

When that happened I was challenged to become skilled, I tried hard to get better until I was victorious at it because if all the crab fisherman were gone on the Sunday morning, some of us had to become helpers so I helped with that task.  One really had to be energetic and once accustomed I would hold one crab and then take it and grab another until it was enough for a quarter, speedily working until my caretaker took me with him to learn how to be a peddler, and his wishes were fulfilled. 

The ʻōpae hune brought in a lot of money, because it is bait for nights when the akule bite. So you will see O reader all the good things that Moanalua had in those days. The baby ʻoama always schooled at its time to stop just outside of Mokuaeʻo.

My dear reader this little island of Mokuaeʻo is a dear favorite name for King Kalākaua and his chiefly ranks, and his vacation home remains there today. When he wanted to sail to this humble island, he would bring many things with him, and when he saw problems faced by his attendants, he created a seawall from the bay of Kalihi to this humble island, so it was easy to go there at that time. 

As we return to the topic of the ʻoama fry they become weke and that was one source of monetary income in those days up until this time that the author is writing in.  One thing you will probably not see again is the skewers of dried baby ʻoama.

Look close those of the Koʻolau areas from Kualoa moving on until you get to Kaʻaʻawa and the warm embrace of Kahana and Hauʻula, and the two birds of Lāʻie, and Kahuku the yellow bird that peers into Waialua, Kualakaʻi and Keahi, and Kumumauʻu and Mokuaeʻo and where the axle breaks at Moanalua; perhaps we will all find compassion and some benefit from the candidates for representatives and senators regarding the lack of appropriate thought about the troubles that will come upon you, O my blood and my flesh, because the people that we have honored, they are not [Hawaiian] people, so they do not see these problems.  The reason is, O Oʻahu, they are not people who eat dried fish, like ʻoama fry and they don’t eat raw fish, like the baby ʻoama which has a different taste at the same time. The Heavenly Father sent the baby ʻoama to the shores so that it would be near you to get it and take it and it gives you money so you can get some coffee, sugar, and poi. Then when it gets big and becomes a weke it will reside in the dark depths of the ocean and a one-finger or two-finger-mesh net will catch it. 

It appears that most of the law makers are Hawaiian, but the thing is that they are prone to fighting about the mesh size of the net and not thinking about the well being of their own blood, which is the thing that brought them esteem and this famous saying of Lawyer Aluli, "alas for us!"

So, at this foundation of Mokuaeʻo there are many good things at this sea.  The octopus, the eel, manini, and they will probably meet trouble because the law stands at this time.  One rather odd thing in those days was the ʻalalaauā and the moiliʻi that is where they often stop, at that island of Mokuaeʻo in those days.  The sad thing is that that fish has disappeared for those who fish for hahalalū and akule. 

(To Be Continued) 


(click image for original Hawaiian text)

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, July 2, 1925
, Book: 64, Number: 27, Page: 5