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Celebrate Lā Kuʻokoʻa

On November 28, 1843, Great Britain and France entered into a formal agreement recognizing Hawaiʻi as a sovereign and independent nation. Timoteo Haʻalilio, William Richards, and Sir George Simpson were the delegates that secured this agreement.

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In celebration of this day, IHLRT has culled a number of resources providing a history of Lā Kuʻokoʻa and a few accounts of the Lā Kuʻokoʻa celebrations throughout the Hawaiian Kingdom.

History of Lā Kuʻokoʻa

Historical Narrative – Lāhui Hawaiʻi Research Center

National Holiday - Independence Day (November 28) –

Historical Narrative – Hawaiian Historical Society

Accounts of Lā Kuʻokoʻa

More on Hawaiian Independence Day and Aloha Aina, 1843. –

La Kuokoa, the early days, 1846 –

23 years of independence, La Kuokoa, 1866 –

The speech of J. W. Kauwahi, for Independence Day in Hawaiʻi, 1869 – Lāhui Hawaiʻi Research Center

Hawaiian Independence Day, 1873 – Lāhui Hawaiʻi Research Center

45th La Kuokoa celebration, 1888 –

Independence Day in Hookena Kona Hema, Hawaii, 1890 – Lāhui Hawaiʻi Research Center

The 1874 speech of Leleiohoku at Kalaupapa, 1891 –

A pair of patriotic mele by John G. M. Sheldon, 1893 –

Independence Day, 1893 –